Premier League clubs spent a record £2.36 billion ($2.97bn) on new players in the transfer window that closed on Friday, according to analysis from Deloitte.
The summer window, which was open from June 14 to Sept. 1, exceeded last year’s record £1.92bn, with the top-flight clubs spending £255 million on deadline day alone, it said.
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Premier League clubs were responsible for 48% of the spending across Europe’s top five leagues including LaLiga, Serie A, Bundesliga and Ligue 1.
“A second successive summer of record spending by Premier League clubs suggests that year-on-year revenue growth could return following the pandemic,” Tim Bridge, lead partner in Deloitte’s Sports Business Group, said in a statement.
“Nearly three-quarters of Premier League clubs  spent more this summer than the last, reflecting the increased intensity of competition.
Chelsea have spent more than $1bn in transfer fees since the new ownership led by American Todd Boehly and Clearlake Capital completed their takeover of the club in May 2022.
The London-based club broke the British transfer record for the second time in a year by signing Ecuador midfielder Moisés Caicedo for a reported £115m, eclipsing the £106m they paid to sign midfielder Enzo Fernández in January.
Nottingham Forest, who finished 16th last season, signed as many as seven players on deadline day.
According to the report, almost half of the transfer fees received by Premier League clubs from overseas came from the Saudi Pro League club, which has the fourth-highest transfer spend of any league globally.
“The emergence of more active participants in the global transfer market has the potential to accelerate clubs’ efforts to establish financially sustainable business models,” said Calum Ross, assistant director in Deloitte’s Sports Business Group.